When it comes to starting your own business one of most important factors to take care of is your start-up business finance. There are many funding options open to you, with the main forms being categorised as either debt finance or equity finance.
It has been said that roughly 60 or 70% of all new business ventures call on their local bank as their first attempt to gain start-up finance. Gaining a bank loan to fund a business start-up is one form of debt finance. This debt finance comes in the form of a bank loan that typically has to be repaid at an agreed interest rate. The way in which banks usually agree to bank loans is by securing your loan against an asset. The way in which this works is if your business then fails to repay the loan, the bank can then claim the asset. So what exactly is this asset? An asset stands as usually a house/premises or equipment that is owned by your business.
The main problem with a bank loan is your company then becomes locked into a tight payment schedule that could cause problems for small businesses. There are also other forms of debt finance that are starting to prove just as popular with small business, such as credit cards and leasing. The term leasing refers to the borrowing of money to buy specific equipment/machinery. In this case small businesses borrow against the store sales.
All forms of debt finance means that you are borrowing against reserves rather then giving someone ownership of your shares. The main thing that you have to keep in mind when it comes to debt finance is finding the aspect of funding that is right for your business; there is however one flaw to this theory; what if no form of debt finance is right for your business? To answer this predicament I bring to your attention, equity finance.
Although the definition of equity finance slims down to pretty much being risk capital, it is the saviour of many small/new businesses who are either turned down for a bank loan or merely can’t keep up with the repayments.
Equity equals true risk capital as there is no guarantee that the investor will get there money back. The big advantage however is that the money that is invested into your business from equity finance never has to be repaid. Investors to your business are prepared for risk capital in return for a growth share of your business profit.
The investors behind equity finance give you the money that you need to get your business off the ground and to cover all aspects of your business start-up costs such as rent, the purchasing of equipment and staff wages as well as all of your utility bills for the first few months.
Whatever finance you decide to use for your business venture, make sure you make a realistic and informed decision based on your business needs. There is a lot to take into account and you need to ensure that you have all of your business information sorted before making any decisions.